Terrorism

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Part 1: The Phenomenon of Terrorism
What is political violence? What do the people involved want? Is this form of expression for a desired change spreading? Is it becoming more violent? How can governments with it?

• Brian Jenkins, Deputy Chairman for Krolo Associates
• Dr. Ariel Merari, Director of the Clinical Violence Research Unit at Tel Aviv University
• Xavier Raufer, Professor at the Institute of Criminology in Paris
• Jack Holland, Correspondent for the New York Irish Echo and author of several books on terrorism
• Issam Al-Yamani, President of the Canadian-Arab Media Association and a Palestinian activist

Part 2: Interview with Leila Khaled
Former member of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and highjacker of two airplanes in 1969 and 1970 - the discussion deals with her background and the situation in Israel and the occupied territories.

Part 3: Who Engages in Acts of Terrorism?
Are aspects of political violence psychopathological? Are there common features shares by political insurgents? Are there profiles that may be effective in screening actual or potentially violent individuals? Does violence remain a part of their lives after their struggles is over? Can they become ordinary members of society after they retire?

• Dr. Jerrold Post, Director of the Political Psychology program at Georgetown University
• Dr. Maxwell Taylor, Psychology teacher at University College Cork, Ireland
• Francisco Santos, Managing editor of the El Tiempo, Columbia
• Mike Ackerman, Chairman of the Ackerman Group and former CIA agent
• Moorhead Kennedy, Chairman of the Moorhead Kennedy Group and former hostage in Iran

Part 4: Suicidal Terrorism for Political Ends
Is it becoming more common? Is it more typical in certain cultures? Are they religious fanatics? Is it a psychological phenomenon? Are there ways to cope with this form of political violence?

• Dr. Ariel Merari, Director of the Clinical Violence Research Unit at Tel Aviv University
• Mike Ackerman, Chairman of the Ackerman Group and former CIA agent
• Dr. Jerrold Post, Director of the Political Psychology program at Georgetown University
• Dr. Maxwell Taylor, Psychology teacher at University College Cork, Ireland

Part 5: Aviation Security
Why is civil aviation a prime target for violent activists? Are hijacking obsolete? Have bombings of airliners in mid flight become more sophisticated and hard to prevent? Is civil aviation safe now? What about domestic flights? What improvements are necessary?

• Bruce Smith, Former pilot for Panam
• Brian Jenkins, Deputy Chairman for Krolo Associates
• Xavier Raufer, Professor at the Institute of Criminology in Paris
• Mike Ackerman, Chairman of the Ackerman Group and former CIA agent

Part 6: Hostages and Captors
What kind of relations develop between hostages and the captors (Stockholm syndrome)? Rules for survival: how can hostages maximize their chances of surviving an incident? What kind of behaviour is likely to result to their death or injury? The policy dilemma: should a government maintain a “no concessions” policy so as to deter groups from hostage taking, or should it yield to the abductor’s demands in order to save the hostages? Some governments forbid to payment of ransom by law? Should the payments of ransom by the families or private companies be permitted?

• Dr. Ariel Merari, Director of the Clinical Violence Research Unit at Tel Aviv University
• Francisco Santos, Managing editor of the El Tiempo, Columbia
• Mike Ackerman, Chairman of the Ackerman Group and former CIA agent
• Louisa Kennedy, Broker at Siblings Associates Limited and wife of Moorhead Kennedy
• Moorhead Kennedy, Chairman of the Moorhead Kennedy Group and former hostage in Iran

Part 7: Self-help in Coping with International Terrorism
Cloak and dagger operations: are assassinations of political insurgents abroad justified as a way to punish these activists that cannot be brought to trial? Are they effective in preventing political violence? Are they justified as a preventive measure? Retaliation against state sponsors?

• Bani Sadr, former Iranian President
• Brian Jenkins, Deputy Chairman for Krolo Associates
• Mike Ackerman, Chairman of the Ackerman Group and former CIA agent
• Xavier Raufer, Professor at the Institute of Criminology in Paris
• Michael Lindermann, Assistant Director of the Office of Immigration with the US Department of Justice

Part 8: Interview with Harry Flynn
Former member of the Irish National Liberation Army, an ultra violent splinter group of the Irish Republican Army - the discussion deals with his background and the situation in Northern Ireland.

Part 9: Terrorism and the media
Does media coverage encourage acts of political violence? Does media coverage jeopardize security by revealing government agencies’ intentions and methods?

• Xavier Raufer, Professor at the Institute of Criminology in Paris
• Francisco Santos, Managing editor of the El Tiempo, Columbia
• Bruce Smith, Former pilot for Panam
• Jack Holland, Correspondent for the New York Irish Echo and author of several books on terrorism

Part 10: Unconventional Terrorism
How easy is it for activists to acquire (by production, theft, or purchase) unconventional weapons? Why have activists so far refrained from using unconventional weapons? Is it because they do not have the capability or a matter of conscious decision to limit themselves to conventional armaments? What can be done to prevent the use of unconventional weapons by activists? Can it happen in the US and Canada?

• Brian Jenkins, Deputy Chairman for Krolo Associates
• Xavier Raufer, Professor at the Institute of Criminology in Paris
• Dr. Jerrold Post, Director of the Political Psychology program at Georgetown University
• Issam Al-Yamani, President of the Canadian-Arab Media Association and a Palestinian activist

Part 11: How Successful is Terrorism?
How have violent activists succeeded in attaining their goals in full or in part? Haver certain kinds of politically violent groups been more successful than others? What determined the success or failure of politically violent groups?

• Dr. Maxwell Taylor, Psychology teacher at University College Cork, Ireland
• Brian Jenkins, Deputy Chairman for Krolo Associates
• Dr. Ariel Merari, Director of the Clinical Violence Research Unit at Tel Aviv University
• I Issam Al-Yamani, President of the Canadian-Arab Media Association and a Palestinian activist
• Moorhead Kennedy, Chairman of the Moorhead Kennedy Group and former hostage in Iran

Part 12: Insurgents in Power
What becomes of an insurgent groups which succeeds in gaining power? Is an organization which uses political violence as a means of gaining power bound to become a violent government? Is ideology replaced by sheer personal and bureaucratic interests as a motivating force after gaining power?

• Xavier Raufer, Professor at the Institute of Criminology in Paris
• Dr. Maxwell Taylor, Psychology teacher at University College Cork, Ireland
• Issam Al-Yamani, President of the Canadian-Arab Media Association and a Palestinian activist
• Moorhead Kennedy, Chairman of the Moorhead Kennedy Group and former hostage in Iran

Part 13: Interview with Horst Mahler
Former member of the Baader Meinhof gang - the discussion deals with his background and the motivations of the left-wing terrorist groups of the late 1960s and early 1970s.

Part 14: Limits in Coping with Acts of Terrorism
How far can a government go in an effort to combat acts of violence?

(a) for gaining information to apprehend the perpetrators of violent acts and for preventing acts: widespread house searches? Electronic surveillance? Administrative detention? Physical pressure in interrogating suspects?
(b) for deterrence: death penalty?
(c) excluding foreign activists from society: Deportation? Extradition? The political offence principle.
(d) for preventing incitement and recruiting violent activists: questions of freedom of speech and freedom of association.

• Barbara Jackman, Immigration and refugee law specialist
• Charlotte Bell, Senior council of the Canadian Department of Justice
• Xavier Raufer, Professor at the Institute of Criminology in Paris
• Michael Lindermann, Assistant Director of the Office of Immigration with the US Department of Justice
• Jack Holland, Correspondent for the New York Irish Echo and author of several books on terrorism
• Issam Al-Yamani, President of the Canadian-Arab Media Association and a Palestinian activist

Part 15: Terrorism and Morality
Is political violence an inherently immoral form of struggle? Is it worse than other forms of struggle such as conventional war and guerrilla war? Who is a freedom fighter? Is political violence ever justified?

• Barbara Jackman, Immigration and refugee law specialist
• Charlotte Bell, Senior council of the Canadian Department of Justice
• Dr. Jerrold Post, Director of the Political Psychology program at Georgetown University
• Francisco Santos, Managing editor of the El Tiempo, Columbia
• Jack Holland, Correspondent for the New York Irish Echo and author of several books on terrorism